History of Poker

Poker and “bluff”

Poker belongs to a class of card games known as “rivalry games” because players compete against each other to win the main pot by getting the right combination of cards. This combination of cards, AKA hand, may or may not be showed to the others players during the game, allowing for some “bluff” to take place. This is still true today, at the online casinos, and this is one of the reasons why Poker is such an exciting game.

The various origins of Poker

But the history of Poker is unclear as to its origins. Some argue that the name comes from the French “poque”, which itself comes from the German “pochen,” which means “beat”. Yet no one can be sure if the game is derived from the “poque” or another card game.

One tale suggests that a Chinese emperor, Mu-Tsung, created a game similar to poker in the year 970, which was played with dominoes. A different story mentions a game played by the Egyptians in the XII and XIII centuries, with ranking systems like those used in Poker.

Also, Poker has similarities with a Persian game called “as nas”. This game was played with 25 cards and 5 different series, and had a ranking system similar to the one used in modern Poker today.

As you can see, it is still unclear where Poker really comes from…

Poker in literature

In 1829 Joseph Crowell, an English actor, spoke in his book “Thirty Years Passed Among Players in England and America” of a game that was played with a deck of 20 cards and 4 players who were betting with combinations of cards of different values.

In “An Exposure of the Arts and Miseries of Gambling”, a book by H. Green published in 1843, there is mention of the spreading of this game along the Mississippi, where it was a very appreciated leisure activity on the river boats.

Another testimony of the game can be found in the book entitled “Theatrical Management in the West and South for Thirty Years”.

Poker in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries

The game evolved in many ways since its inception and as it spread in America, in England, in the Pacific Rim… For example:

  • The deck was changed to include 52 cards, thus allowing more players to play simultaneously,
  • New hand combinations were introduced,
  • New game variants were introduced.

But the game’s popularity really grew tremendously during the twentieth century, especially in America, where the first poker tournaments were held. The first prestige tournaments played in the USA were the World Series of Poker. Their success was at first very modest, but, in the 80s, they gained in popularity and players across the country now compete for first place.

With the incredible growth in popularity of the game of Poker, also grew the Poker industry: books, articles, newsletters and guides of all kinds sprung up like mushrooms. Most good Poker players would also write their own stories about Poker and help the industry grow further.

In the 90s, it’s technology that made the game evolve the most. Online Poker rooms and online casinos saw the day and offered Poker players the opportunity to play online with money. And as more and more Poker rooms and online casinos now support video, you can even see what is going on at the table.


While the exact origins of the game of Poker are still unknown, what is certain is that Poker has become an extremely popular card game. People of all walks of life play it, for the fun or for money, but always with a lot of passion. Thanks to the internet, players from all around the world can now gather around the same poker table and play from the comfort of their home, without having to worry about travel, accommodation, and what not.

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Rules of Poker

Play Poker

The basic version of Poker is the Poker Draw. All variations of poker are derived from this version.

The rules of poker are simple. Players receive cards that make a hand, and then try to improve their hand.

The player with the best hand when the showdown occurs, or the last player to stay in play after every other player has folded, wins the round.

So the strength of the hand is not the only element that can help you win at poker. The bluff has all its place in Poker.

Poker hands and their hierarchy

A poker hand always consists of 5 cards. The way the cards are dealt and the way that bets are made depend on the variant of poker played.

The poker hand is valued according to the value of the cards that make it up, but the four colours are equivalent.

Here are the poker hands in descending order:

Royal Flush
royal flush hand at poker
This is the strongest poker hand. It consists of Ace, King, Queen, Jack and 10 of the same color.

Straight Flush
flush hand at poker
It consists of a sequence of five cards of the same color, for example, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 of clubs. Between two straight flushes, the one with the highest card wins.

Square or Poker or Four of a Kind
four of a kind hand at poker
This hand contains four cards of equal value (for example, 4 Aces), plus any card. Between two pokers, the one with the highest cards wins.

Full House or Full
full house hand at poker
It consists of three cards of the same value (set) and two cards of the same value (pair). Between two full houses, the one with the highest value wins.

Color or Flush
flush hand at poker
This hand consists of five cards of the same color. Between 2 flushes, the hand that has the highest card wins. If the highest cards are equal, it is the 2nd highest cards that are compared, and so on.

Suite or Straight
suite hand at poker
This hand consists of a sequence of five cards, but in more than one color. Between two suites, the one with the card of highest value wins.

Three of a Kind
three of a kind hand at poker
This hand contains three cards of one rank plus two cards of any kind. Between two three of a kind, the three of a kind with the cards of the highest value wins.

Two Pairs
two pair hand at poker
This hand contains two cards of one rank, two other cards of one rank, plus any card. Between two double pairs, the one with the highest pair wins, irrespective of the value of the other cards in the hand (for example, two 10s and two 4s wins over two 9s and two 8s). If the higher pairs are equal, it is the other pairs that are compared. Finally, if they are identical, then it is the 5th card of each hand that are compared. In case of total equality, the pot is split.

pair hand at poker
This hand contains two cards of one rank and three other cards of different values. Between two pairs, the one that holds the pair with the highest value wins. If the pairs are identical, it is the other 3 cards of each hand that are compared, one by one, from the one with the highest value to the one with the lowest value.

High Card
high card hand at poker
This hand has five cards that do not meet any of the criteria of the hands described above. It is the hand with the highest card that wins. If the highest cards between two hands are identical, it is the 2nd highest cards that are compared, and so on.

Poker can be played between 2 and 12 players, depending on the variant. Most frequently, the tables gather 7 players.

There are three basic categories of Poker: Draw Poker, Stud Poker, and Flop Poker. The Texas Hold’em, which is undoubtedly the most popular variant of Poker today, belongs to the 3rd category. In Flop Poker, each player plays with his cards and “community cards”, which are placed in the middle of the table for everyone to share.

Texas Hold’em Poker Rules

In Texas Hold’em Poker, each player receives 2 cards, face down. The players make their bids. After the bidding, if more than one player is still in play, then 3 cards are drawn and placed face up in the middle of the table. This is the flop. They are community cards that each player can “combine” with his own to make a 5 card hand. Another round of bidding takes place. After the bidding, if more than one player is still in play, then 1 card is drawn and placed face up in the middle of the table, next to the flop. This is the turn. Another round of bidding takes place. After the bidding, if more than one player is still in play, then 1 (final) card is drawn and placed face up in the middle of the table, next to the turn. This is the river. Another round of bidding takes place. After the bidding, if more than one player is still in play, then the showdown occurs. The player with the highest hand wins.

The game is played with a deck of 52 cards and a token (or button), which determines which player deals the cards. The game is played clockwise, from the position of the dealer. Note that contrary to the game of Blackjack, where players play against the dealer who represents the casino, at Poker, players play against each other.

The goal of the game of Texas Hold’em is to build the strongest hand using your private cards and the community cards. Note that unless the showdown occurs, your private cards are only known to you.

In Texas Hold’em, two initials bets are imposed on the player immediately to the left of the dealer and the player immediately to his left. These bets are known as the small blind and the big blind. The big blind is twice the amount of the small blind. The amount of the small blind is agreed upon between all players at the table. The player immediately to the left of the dealer has the small blind and the player to his left the big blind.

Once the blinds are raised, the cards are dealt. The dealer distributes the cards one by one to each player in clockwise motion. Each player receives two cards, which are “private” and which only he sees. When all players have their cards, the 1st round of bidding starts. At the beginning of this round of bidding, the minimum bet is the value of the big blind. The first player to speak is the one to the left of the player who raised the small blind. Since he hasn’t made any bid yet, he may:

  • “call”, meaning that he bids the amount of the big blind to stay in the game,
  • “raise” by x dollars, meaning that he bids the amount of the blind and raises it by x dollars to raise the stakes,
  • “fold”, meaning that he does not bid any money and subtracts himself from this game.

The other players have the same options: call, raise, or fold. Whenever a player calls, he bids the amount which is currently at stake. So if a player has raised the stakes to $100, for example, then to stay in the game, the other players need to bid $100 or more. The first player to raise the stakes during a bidding round can raise them by the amount he wants, but any other player wishing to further raise the stakes will have to do it by at least the amount of the last raise. In other words, if a player has raised the stakes by $75, you cannot further raise them by $50. You can call $75, you can raise $75 or more, or you can fold.

A bidding round comes to an end in either of the following cases:

  • only one player is left in the game,
  • no player has raised the stakes further.

When the initial bidding round is completed, the game continues with:

  • the flop, if there is more than one player still in play,
  • another bidding round, the 2nd of the game,
  • the turn, if there is more than one player still in play,
  • another bidding round, the 3rd of the game,
  • the river, if there is more than one player still in play,
  • another bidding round, the 4th of the game,
  • the showdown, if there is more than one player still in play.

In the 2nd, 3rd and 4th bidding rounds of the game, the players have no obligation to risk more money to stay in the game, they can just “check” what will happen next, unless a player has raised the stakes by making a “bet” of x dollars.

The other bid that a player may make at any point in time during a bidding round is “all in”. You guessed it, “all in” means that he is bidding all the money that he has left, whatever that amount is.

So the possible bids at Texas Hold’em poker are:

  • fold,
  • call,
  • raise x dollars,
  • check,
  • bet x dollars,
  • all in.

Because no player has to reveal his cards unless the showdown stage is reached, you may very well win without having to reveal your hand, and possibly with a weaker hand than the other players at the table. It all depends on how “capable” you are of convincing the other players that your hand is stronger than theirs. Whether it really is or not is irrelevant. If you get every other player to fold before the showdown stage, then the pot is yours. Only if you reach the showdown stage will you really need your hand to be stronger than theirs to win.

After a game, the token (or button) is moved clockwise, and the new dealer shuffles the cards, has them cut, waits until the blinds are raised by the two players to his left, and starts dealing the cards. It’s a new game.

Final thoughts on Poker

Poker is a very interesting card game, which you can (and will) quickly get addicted to. It is extremely easy to win big at Poker, but it is just as easy to lose big. What is really exciting about Poker is the opportunity to bluff. Everything you say or do at the Poker table will be scrutinized by the other players. They will base their decision just as much on their hand as on their “reading” of yours. The more you can throw the other players off, the better. You’ll want them to think that you have a weak hand when you have a strong one, so that they raise the stakes and you cash in a big pot. You’ll want them to think that you have a strong hand when you have a weak one, so they back-off and let you cash in a pot which you would otherwise have had no chance to win. But if it gets to the showdown, then the cards will speak. But even then, anything can happen.

A couple of our friends who play poker didn’t like playing online at first because they couldn’t read the body language of the other players. They couldn’t tell if they were nervous, if they were sweating, if they were looking at their cards every 20 seconds, if they were relaxed, etc. But now, with the webcams at the tables in certain online casinos, they are more comfortable playing online. While it’s still not the same as playing face-to-face with the other players, around a real poker table, it gives the players a better “reading” of what is happening at the table. If you have a webcam on your computer, give it a shot now! You won’t regret it.

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Terminology at Poker

Unveiling or Showdown
This is the final phase, after the last round of betting, where players must show their cards to all players to determine who wins.
Ace High
Of the five cards, the highest is the Ace.
Best card supporting a pair. For example, if you have a King (K) and a Queen (Q), and a King (K) comes on the flop, you have a pair of Kings (K) with a Kicker Queen (Q).
Add on
Possibility of increasing one’s buy-in, usually after a rebuy.
All in
When a player puts all his chips in play on one shot. The other players can bet and raise above the player’s total “All in”. The player may win the pot up that point (including players who followed behind the “All-in”). All bets and raises will create a side pot that can be won by the other players. If the “All-in” player wins the pot, the side pot is won by the second player who wins.

What a player says during a round of betting, such as “check”, “raise”, etc.
When the three cards of the flop are of different “colours”. For example: 10 of Clubs, Queen of Diamonds and King of Spades.
Used when the two private cards of a player are in the same “colour”.
In the dark
Said of a player who bets without looking at his private cards.
Bad beat
Name given to a bad hand that beats a good hand by a lucky combination.
Money available to a player.
Invest some money in the pot.
Big blind
Amount to be bet by the second player to the left of the dealer before the cards are dealt. It is usually twice the amount of the small blind.
Amount that the two players to the left of the dealer must bet before the cards are dealt. They represent the initial pot and encourage players to invest in the game.
When a player leads the other players to believe that he has a better hand than he really does. The bluffer will call, bet or raise as if he had a good hand, leading his opponents to fold before the showdown and therefore win the pot with a weak hand. The bluff can also occur the other way, where the bluffer leads the other players to believe that he has a weaker hand than he really does.
The center of the table, where the community cards are the pot lay. When you play only with the cards from the board (that is, without your two private cards), you are “playing the board”.
Bottom Pair
When a player uses the lowest card of the flop to make a pair.
Object placed in front of the dealer to “remember” the order in which the players are to speak. It is moved clockwise after each game.
Three of a Kind
Combination of 3 cards of the same kind (for example, three 10s), and 2 other different cards.
Burn a card
Before the Flop, the Turn or the River, the dealer “burns” a card; he removes the top card of the deck and keeps it face down.
Amount to bring to the table in order to be able to enter a tournament or to sit at the table.
To align one’s bet to the highest current one.
“Ambush”. Check, with the intent of raising at the end of the round. This technique, meant to “inflate” the pot, was forbidden for a long time, but is now allowed.
Chip or Token
Betting unit.
Chips Race or Color Up
Exchange of tokens that are no longer used for tokens of higher value.
Chip leader
The chip leader has the largest number of chips.
Poker or Four of a Kind
Combination of 4 cards of the same kind (for example, four 7s), and 1 other card.
Hidden cards or private cards
Cards that only each player sees.
Free card
When a card is dealt without the players having to risk any more money. Players only need to check for the next card to be dealt. That card is “free”.
High Card
This is the lowest hand combination at Poker. It consists of the single highest card value.
Up cards or community cards
Cards laid face up on the Flop, the Turn or River. All players can see them and they are used along with their own cards to make combinations.
Cash game
Game where the chips represent real money.
Cash out
To Leave the game and exchange one’s chips for real money.
Betting Round
Order (clockwise) in which the players are invited to speak.
Literally: “Continue”. Allows you to stay in the game without betting. Only possible if no bet was made in the current the betting round.
Value of the cards in relation to each other and value of a five-card hand compared to other five-card hands.
Fold or Skip
To abandon the current game.
Color or Flush
Combination made up of 5 cards of the same “colour”.
Combination of 5 cards of the same “colour”, where the highest card is the Ace.
Probability of completing the hand vs. probability of failing to complete it.
Cut off
Player located “before” the dealer, i.e., immediately to his right and the last to speak. This situation is ideal to try to “steal” blinds when no one has bet or raised in the round.
Player who deals the cards. The dealer changes at the end of each game. The button keeps track of who is the dealer.
Dead Blind
Fine when the player does not bet the blind while it is his turn to do so.
When the cards of a hand are not matched.
Two pairs
Combination of cards, where 2 cards are of the same kind, 2 other cards are of the same kind, and the last card is different. For example, two 2s, two Aces and a 5.
when the player draws a card, which will not help regardless.
Minimum amount to bet on the table during a betting round. It may be limited, or not (No limit).
There are 4 families: Spades, Hearts, Diamonds, Clubs.
After the first betting round, the first 3 community cards are dealt. These make the flop.
Tournament for which registration is free, but where players can still make money.
Poker tournament where players start with the same number of chips without being able to rebuy or add-on. When a player is eliminated, he cannot come back after having bought new chips.
Full or Full House
Combination of cards, made of a Pair and a Three of a Kind.
A player who plays using his psychological skills, his luck and mathematics. He is often difficult to “read” by his opponents.
Player who plays games at a weaker level than his own. The goal of the grinder is to win against weaker players.
Best combination a player can get with 5 cards.
Heads Up
Final face-to-face.
High card
At the beginning of the game, to choose the first dealer, each player is given a card, and whoever gets the highest card is designated dealer.
Variant of the game of Poker. This variant is the most played around the world.
Limp in or Slow Pay
Underplay a big hand, by only following before the Flop.
Where the maximum value of a bet is limited. It can also limit the number of raises.
Bet the Pot
Make a bet of equal value as the pot.
The player decides not to show his cards at the showdown if the opponent has shown a stronger hand or when all players have decided to skip.
No limit
Game where the players can bet the amount they please.
Best possible hand at a point in time during the game.
Variant of Poker where each player gets four private cards and shares five cards with the other players.
On the rush
A player is on the rush when the odds are on his side.
Out of position
A player is out of position when he is at the beginning or in the middle of the round.
Remaining cards that could allow an improvement of the hand.
A player opens when he is the first to speak in the first round of betting.
Private cards which are higher than the community cards.
Private pair which is higher than the community cards.
Combination of cards, where 2 cards are of the same kind, and the 3 others are all different. For example, two Jacks, a Queen, a 2 and a 5.
Pocket Pair
A pair in one’s private cards.
Tokens that a player has on the table.
Paid Position
In a tournament, the paid positions are the positions from which the players leave with real money. For example, out of 1,000 players, only the first 150 places might be paid.
Pocket Hands or Starting Hands
The two private cards that are dealt early in the game.
Poker face
Face without expressions, in order to avoid giving the opponents signs or hints.
Closed Poker
Poker where there are no community cards, as in Stud.
Open Poker
Poker where there are community cards, as in Texas Hold’em or Omaha.
All bets and blinds placed in the middle of the table and that will be won by the winner(s) of the game.
Pot limit
Game where the maximum bet the players can make is the value of the pot.
Period before the Flop.
Combination where the 5 cards are consecutive, regardless of “colour”.
Straight Flush
Flush where the cards are of the same “colour”.
Royal Flush
Strongest combination of cards, where the 5 cards are consecutive from the 10 to the Ace, and in the same “colour”.
When a player bets more than the bet of an opponent. The re-raise is a raise on top of a raise.
Fifth and final card to come on the board. It is said that at the river, you either swim, or sink.
Tournament where the prizes are seats to bigger tournaments.
Shoot out
Tournament in which there is no rebalancing of the tables when players are eliminated. There are the same number of tables at the beginning and the end of the tournament, and the winners of the tournament are the winners of each table.
Side pot
Auxiliary pot when a player goes all in and the betting continues.
Signs or Tell
Behaviour or attitude that can betray a player.
Sit in
When a player indicates that he wants to participate in the next game.
Tournament with few participants that begins only when the number of participants set is reached.
Sit out
When a player leaves his seat but without leaving the game.
Small Blind
Amount to be bet by the first player to the left of the dealer, before the cards are dealt. It is usually half the amount of the big blind.
Split pot
Pot shared between one or more players with hands of equal strength.
String Bet
Prohibited practice which consists in betting tokens in several times. Players must announce their bet and place the corresponding tokens on the board; they cannot make a bet by placing some tokens on the board, then some others, and more…
Having two cards of the same “colour”.
Suited connector
Having 2 cards of the same colour, in sequence.
Top pair
When the highest card of the board constitutes a pair with one of your private cards.
Round of betting
At Texas Hold’em, the betting rounds are: the distribution of private cards (preflop), the Flop, the Turn and the River.
Fourth open card to come on board.
Under The Gun
Player just after the Big Blind. This is a difficult position as the player needs to speak first, without “knowing” the attitude that will have opponents.
Value bet
Raise with the best possible hand, with the goal to be paid by the opponent.

Rules of BlackJack

Play Blackjack

Blackjack is played with 2 to 8 decks of 52 cards contained in a dealer shoe. A blackjack table gathers several players and a dealer (or banker). Most blackjack tables can accommodate 7 players who face the dealer. Each player places his bet in front of him. At blackjack, you’re not playing against the other players but against the dealer, who represents the casino. The goal is to obtain, with your hand, a point total higher than the dealer’s but without exceeding 21.

Card values

All cards numbered 2 to 10 have a value equal to their number. In other words, the 2 is worth 2, the 3 is worth 3 and so on. The Jacks, Queens and Kings are the face cards and are each worth 10 points. The Ace is worth 1 point or 11 points, your choice.

The best possible hand, which gives its name to the game, is blackjack. You have a blackjack when you have 21 points with two cards: one Ace and a face card.

The course of the game

The game is always played clockwise, meaning that the player at the far left of the dealer is the first to receive his cards, and that the player at the far right is the last – before the dealer – to receive his cards. The dealer is always last.

Once all players have placed their bet on the table, the dealer deals the cards one by one. Each player receives two cards, face up (visible to everyone around the table), while the dealer gives himself one card face up and one card face down.

Then the dealer lets the player immediately to his left speak. The player may request an additional card (draw) or pass (stick). If he asks for an additional card, he may, after receiving it, ask for another, and as many times as he wishes. His hand point total should not exceed 21, though. If it exceeds 21, he immediately loses his bet, regardless of what the dealer’s point total will eventually be.

When a player decides to pass, or when his hand has exceeded 21, the next player gets to speak.

Once all players have played, the dealer reveals his hidden card and continues to play his hand as a player. In general, the dealer must continue to draw until his hand has at least 17 points. If the dealer starts with a soft 17, i.e. with an Ace and a 6, the casino usually requires the dealer to stop.

If the dealer exceeds 21, then all players who are still in the game win. If the dealer does not exceed 21, players whose hand is lower than the dealer’s lose their bet. Those whose hand is higher than the dealer’s win their bet. Finally, those who have the same number of points keep their bet.

If you have a Blackjack, the dealer pays you immediately, usually 1.5 times your bet.

Variations of the game

There are some small variations of the Blackjack game, by country, but also sometimes between casinos in the same country. For example:

  • the dealer may have to stop drawing or not with a soft 17,
  • in some countries, the dealer initially gives himself only one card, and he gets his 2nd card when all players have played.
    • Conclusion

      The rules of blackjack are simple, and, although there are some variations, the game is very standard and easy to play, even by a beginner. If you’re in this situation, however, avoid being the last or second last to speak.

      As you know, if the dealer exceeds 21, all players still in the game win. So the decisions of the 1 or 2 last players to speak may have an influence on the outcome of the round. It is not uncommon, in some countries, for the last player to “sacrifice” his hand in order to try to get the dealer to bust (exceed 21).

      Like all other casino games, blackjack tables have a minimum and a maximum bet per play. Whatever your budget is, you should have no problem finding tables that will allow you to join as a player at the online casinos than we recommend on this site.


Strategy at Blackjack

At Blackjack, perhaps even more than at any other casino game, it is crucial that you know the rules of the game.

Here are a few tips to help you with your game:

Let the dealer bust

If the dealer’s visible card is a 4, a 5 or a 6, do not hit, except maybe if you have a soft hand. You do not want to put yourself in a situation where you can yourself bust, since the dealer’s hand is likely to bust. This is the kind of situation where you might want to consider doubling your bet, or splitting your hand if you can.

Hard hands

If you have a hard 17, do not hit as your chances to bust are too high.

Split the Aces and the 8s, but not the 10s or the 6s

An Ace by itself is strong, but two Aces are only worth 12. Split them and give yourself the chance to have two 21s. Two 8s are worth 16. This is the worst hand! If you split, you can get two 18s, hands that are strong enough (and you also avoid the risk of hitting with 16, which is extremely risky).

A 10 is good for a hand, but a 20 is very strong. Do not take the risk of separating your 10s. As for the 6, it is the worst card ever. If you have two of them, do not take the risk of splitting them and end up with the problem in two of your hands.


This table gives you the likelihood of drawing or winning, based on your hand’s value:

Value %
21 100%
20 92%
19 85%
18 77%
17 69%
16 62%
15 58%
14 56%
13 39%
12 31%
11 or less 0%

Terminology of Blackjack

Counting the cards, without actually playing the game.
The bankroll is like the balance that you have during the game. It is the total amount that you have available to you to play.
The Blackjack consists of only two cards which total value is 21 points. An ace (11 points) and a Queen (10 points), for example, form a Blackjack.
It is a rectangular box that is on the table and where the player places his bets. The player has the opportunity to bet on more than one box at a time.
Burnt cards
Five cards that the dealer burns at the time of distribution. These cards are put aside and are not used during the game.
Bust or Break
A hand is bust when it has exceeded 21 points. In other words, it has lost.
Card counting
Method used to evaluate whether the remaining cards in the deck are advantageous to the player or not. It requires to remember the cards that have already been dealt.
Cut card
Plastic card used to delineate the distribution of a dealer shoe. This card is rarely found in online casinos.
The player has the option to double his initial bet, in which case he receives only one additional card. This is often done when the player has a hand with 11 points.
Double down
This is identical to the double, except that the cards are dealt face down.
A draw is a situation of equality. There is no winner nor loser.
Face card
A face card has a value of 10. The Jack, the Queen and the King are face cards. Although technically the 10 itself doesn’t have a face on it, it also qualifies as a face card.
Hard 17
This is a 17 point hand with an Ace worth 1 point.
Hard Hand
This is a hand with an Ace worth 1 point.
This is to request an additional card from the dealer.
Insurance is a side bet. It is limited to half the initial bet of the player. You can use insurance when the dealer has an Ace as his visible card.
Pat hand
Hand which point value is between 17 and 21.
The penetration is associated with the location of the cut card in the deck. A penetration rate of 50% means that the cards are shuffled when half the cards have been dealt.
Tipping is not compulsory in casinos, although, in some countries, the dealers may help themselves as they hand you your payout. You cannot tip the dealer at an online casino.
Means stay in the game during play. This implies that the player refuses to request an additional card.
The shoe – AKA deck- is the compartment from which the cards are dealt. The shoe may also contain more than one stack of cards.
A split is used to divide an initial pair into two separate hands. To split, you must place the same bet on your second hand.
Soft Hand
The opposite of a hard hand. A soft hand has an Ace which can count as 1 or 11 as you choose.
Soft 17
A hand with an Ace and a 6. The player can decide to value the hand at 7 or 17.
Stiff Hand
This is a hand which value is between 12 and 16. This hand is likely to end up losing, hence the “stiff”.
This option allows the player to leave at the end of the first deal. This way, he gets half of his bet back.




Licences Curaçao & Malta
Minimum age required 18+
French residents accepted No
Exists since 2009
Currencies accepted Euro (€)
Payments accepted Except for players living in the United States of America, in Cyprus, in Turkey and in Israël, all players can make a deposit and play with real money. Players can deposit money using ClickandBuy, EntroPay, Moneybookers, Neteller, Paysafecard, POLi 2, Sofort (Germany, Austria, Switzerland), UKash, Visa/Mastercard, WebMoney, Wirecard, Click2Pay, Abaqoos, iDEAL, Przelewy24, moneta.ru, Boleto Bancário, Ewire, EuTeller, Multibanco (Portugal), EPS (Switzerland), Teleingreso (Spain), QIWI Visa Virtual, Nordea, GluePay (Sweden, Finland, Estonia), Sporopay (Slovaquia). Withdrawals are fast.
Minimum deposit 20€
Games EUcasino has a big variety of games, including slot machines and its very own game Doubles Heaven – a new game concept which is fun and can be very profitable! EUcasino offers: American Blackjack, European Blackjack, Progressive Blackjack, American Roulette, European Roulette, French Roulette, Video Poker, Video Poker Jacks or Better (1 to 25 lines), Joker Poker (1 to 25 lines), Casino Holdem, Doubles Heaven and 9 exclusive Slots, Baccara, Pai Gow, Craps, Hi-Lo, and more.
Software EUcasino uses a downloadable software, which is easy and fast to download, and which updates itself upon opening. The random number generator has completely been tested and certified by the iTech Labs. All transactions are secure as they use a Thawte 128 bits SSL encryption method.
Download Yes
Mobile platform No
Bonus 100% of the amount for the 1st deposit, up to 1,000€
50% of the amount for the 2nd deposit, up to 500€
75% of the amount for the 3rd deposit, up to 750€
100% of the amount for the 4th deposit, up to 1,500€
50% of the amount for the 5th deposit, up to 1,500€
Virtual mode / entertainment Yes. EUcasino allows players to try the games without risking real money until they are willing to do so.
Noteworthy All transactions are encrypted and secured. Your bank statements will show “EUcasino” directly in the detail of your operations.


EUcasino offers very generous bonuses. But, as with any other online casino, these bonuses are subject to playthrough rules, which are summarized in the paragraph below, to which you, as a player, accept to abide by when you accept the bonuses which are offered to you.

You may, however, choose to remove the bonus option from your account. You may do so by contacting the customer support team before you start to play.


The bonus policy applies to all promotions, special offers, gifts and/or any amounts received on top of the casino’s standard payments.

EUcasino reserves the right to retain any amount in excess and/or including your original deposit amount if the playthrough conditions have not been met.

Unless otherwise mentioned, you must bet 30 times the amount deposited plus the amount of the bonus received for the deposit, before you can ask for the withdrawal. If the bonus is a bonus without deposit, then you must bet 80 times the amount of the bonus before you can ask for the withdrawal.

You receive a 100€ bonus for a 100€ deposit. You have 200€. You must bet at least 30 times this amount, that is 6,000€, before you can withdraw your money.

The playthrough (number of times you need to bet the amount of the deposit and/or bonus received) depends on the type of bonus (with or without deposit), the game you are playing, and even your country of residence.

Note that EUcasino has a zero tolerance policy when it comes to bonus abuse or other fraudulous activities.


EUcasino’s customer support team is domiciled in Limassol (Cyprus). It is multi-lingual and is available around the clock for support in English. You can contact it via:

  • Email
  • Live Chat


EUcasino has more than 50 games for you to choose from.

Some of the slot machimes at EUcasino are very generous.

If you are looking for a change of scenery, try the Pai Gow or the Caribbean Poker.

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32Red Casino

Online Casino 32Red - Mega Moolah Slot 2414


License Gibraltar
The Gibraltar Government has granted a license to 32Red Plc, which operates the online casino and the poker room 32Red on the Internet in accordance with the provisions of the Gaming Ordinance of Gibraltar.
Minimum age required 18+
French residents accepted No
Exists since 2002
Currencies accepted Euro (€) – USD ($) – Sterling Pounds (£) – CAD – JPY
Payments accepted Financial transactions at 32Red via credit card and debit card are processed by Barclaycard Merchant Services (BMS), a leader in the UK.
1. Deposit Methods: Credit cards, debit cards, Moneybookers, Neteller, Paypal, ClickandBuy, Click2Pay, EcoCard, EntroPay, Paysafe, Ukash, Direct Bank Transfer.
2. Withdrawal Methods: Credit cards, debit, Moneybookers, Neteller, Paypal, ClickandBuy, Click2Pay, EcoCard, EntroPay.
Minimum deposit 25 (€-£-$)
Games 450+
To entertain you, the online casino 32Red offers the experience of a high-end casino with an established reputation in the online casino market.
32Red Mobile Casino
The mobile casino is managed and operated by the same team as the award-winning online casino 32Red. It provides the same service and games on your mobile phone.
Play one of the 19 mobile casino games, blackjack mobile roulette …
Software Microgaming
Download required Your choice. You can download the software on your computer or use the flash version directly on the site.
Mobile platform Yes
Bonus 50 (€-£-$) welcoming bonus on your first deposit, and great monthly bonus offers afterwards. In addition, the casino offers one of the most advanced loyalty programs of its kind with its “ruby red”.
Playthrough 30X bonus + deposit
Virtual / entertainment mode Yes! You can register as a real money player or not (for practice).
Payout Payout : 32RED CASINO
Miscellaneous In September 2005, 32Red strengthened its position as the first online gaming company in the UK by entering the London Stock Exchange.





After having received your welcome bonus, you can start playing immediately to all your favorite games. But to make a withdrawal, you must have bet at least 30 times the amount of your deposit plus the bonus you received (in other words, the wager is of 30x).

Please note that the contribution of the casino games towards satisfying the wager varies depending on the games. The slot machines, the keno and the scratch cards count for 100%, but the other games count from 0% up to 50%.

Be sure to check all this on the official website of the casino before you claim your bonus (if you want to), and before playing (if you choose to claim your bonus). In case of discrepancy between the conditions listed here and the conditions posted on the official website of the casino, it is the conditions posted on the official website of the casino that apply.

Besides the welcome bonus, 32 Red offers other bonuses such as the monthly bonus of 32 tokens given to all players who will have deposited at least 32 € in the previous month.
These 32 chips are subject to a “wager” of 30 times the initial deposit plus bonus.
32Red also offers a loyalty program called Ruby Red. Its operation is as follows:
Each time you bet a cumulative 10 tokens on any slot machine (except the ones with a progressive jackpot), you earn a Ruby Red. Whenever you have 1,000 Ruby Reds, you can redeem them against 10 free casino chips.


If you deposit 50 (€-£-$), you will have a total of 100 € with the bonus. If you play the slot machines which contribute 100% towards satisfying the wager of 30x, you will need to have bet 3,000 € (100 € x 30) before you will be able to withdraw your potential earnings.



32Red’s support team is renowned in the whole world. It is ready to assist you 24 hours out of 24, 7 days out of 7 and 365 days a year. At 32Red, the support staff get the best training in the industry. They are able to solve any problem and to answer any question immediately. The service is French is only provided on weekdays, and during business hours.

32Red’s motto is to do what it takes to please you. Your satisfaction is their number 1 priority. That’s why they encourage you to provide your feedback using any of the following:
1. Email Support
2. Helpline
3. Fax
4. Live Chat


32Red wins Gold for the best customer service of a casino with the Gambling Online Magazine.
Over the last 5 years, 32Red has devoted its efforts to ensure that every player who visits the casino receives first class customer service. 32Red Casino, which has raised the industry standards with respect to the level of assistance the players can expect, received the Gold Medal of Gambling Online Magazine for the best customer service provided by a casino in 2006. The Director of Operations, Pat Harrison, when receiving the award, praised the excellent work of all the 32Red staff whose tireless efforts ensure that the players’ satisfaction remains the first priority.
The provider of the 32Red casino software, Microgaming, was not far behind. They won the silver medal for the best casino software.

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River Nile Casino



License Accredited and regulated by the Lotteries and Gaming Authority of Malta and the Kahnawake Gaming Commission (Canada).
Minimum age required 18+
French Residents accepted No
Exists since 2000
Currencies accepted Euro (€) – USD ($) – Sterling Pounds (£)
Payments accepted Visa, MasterCard, wire transfers, mandated checks Ecocard.
Minimum deposit No deposit
Games There are over 300 games in total, including over 200 slots (classic slots and video slots), blackjack, poker, video poker, roulette, craps, baccara…
Software Microgaming
Download The downloadable version (Casino Viper) is more sophisticated.
Mobile platform No
Bonus € 1500 for one hour of Free Games – No deposit and no risk!
or 200% on your first deposit up to € 50
Playthrough 30 times the bonus amount potentially earned acquired and claimed at the end of the hour (see below)
30 times the bonus amount on the first deposit
Virtual mode / entertainment Using the flash version of the casino (Flash casino – no download), where you can play on any PC.
Noteworthy River Nile is an operator approved by eCogra, a body which monitors the online casinos within the group in order to ensure a fair play and responsible gaming experience. You can view reports on River Nile Casino by clicking on the eCogra logo at the bottom of the web site’s homepage.

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For the welcome bonus, you can choose between a no deposit bonus and a “traditional” bonus on deposit. You cannot claim one if you’ve already taken the other, unless you fail during your free game hour.

No deposit bonus

You have one hour and 1500 credits (€) – only valid through your free hour – to place a minimum of 100 bets and reap maximum benefits. Gains must be made on top of the 1500 credits for you to be able to transfer up to € 100 in the form of a bonus to your real money account.

To be able to transfer your gains, you MUST make a deposit of at least € 40. Gains from the free hour of play are subject to a wager of 30x. In other words, you must have bet 30 times the bonus amount before you can transfer some of your bonus money into your real money account.

You start the hour with € 1,500. You place 100 bets and finish the hour with € 1,700. You can then transfer € 100 (maximum allowed) to your bonus account, provided you make a deposit of € 40. You must wager 30 x 100 = € 3000 before being eligible to withdraw your money.

Bonus on 1st deposit

If you fail in the hour, or you do not claim your winnings, you can get a 200% bonus on your first deposit up to € 50.
The conditions for this bonus are, again, that you wager the bonus amount by 30 times.

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The customer support team of River Nile Casino can be reached by:
- Phone
- Email (multiple addresses)
- Online Chat


Not only does River Nile Casino offer a world of wealth and opportunity, it is also a secure world where all financial transactions are confidential.
The casino offers games that are both safe and controlled. On top of that, a personal hostess – named Cleo – makes sure that you receive the best services.

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